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讲堂|为正义平权发声——第75届金球奖颁奖礼奥普拉超燃演讲

去年金球奖(Golden Globe Awards)颁奖礼梅丽尔·斯特里普(终身成就奖)的精彩演讲【文末视频】言犹在耳,今年金球奖颁奖礼又一位杰出女性的演讲震撼全场——她,就是本届金球奖终身成就奖(Cecil B. DeMille Award)获得者,奥普拉·温弗瑞,史上第一个获此奖项的黑人女性。



在获奖感言中,奥普拉通过自己的成长故事,引用经典历史人物和案例,并结合当下社会状况,抨击性别和种族歧视,为正义平权发声。


她的演讲把整个颁奖礼的气氛推向高潮。


让我们先感受再学习吧——



演讲英文全文如下——


Oprah Winfrey

Maintain Hope 

for a Brighter Morning


In 1964, I was a little girl sitting on the linoleum floor of my mother's house in Milwaukee watching Anne Bancroft present the Oscar for best actor at the 36th Academy Awards. She opened the envelope and said five words that literally made history — "The winner is Sidney Poitier[1].”

 

Up to the stage came the most elegant man I ever remembered. His tie was white, his skin was black -- I'd never seen a black man being celebrated like that. I've tried many, many times to explain what a moment like that means to a little girl, a kid watching from the cheap seats as my mom came through the door bone-tired from cleaning other people's houses.

 

But all I can do is quote and say that the explanation [is] in Sidney's performance in "Lilies of the Field," 'Amen, amen. Amen, amen.' In 1982 Sidney received the Cecil B. Demille Award[2] right here at the Golden Globes, and it is not lost on me that at this moment, there are some little girls watching as I become the first black woman to be given this same award.

 

It is an honor -- it is an honor and it is a privilege to share the evening with all of them and also with the incredible men and women who have inspired me, who challenged me, who sustained me and made my journey to this stage possible. Dennis Swanson, who took a chance on me for "A. M. Chicago[3]," waw me on the show and said to Steven Spielberg, “Yes, she's Sophia in ‘The Color Purple[4];’” Gayle, who's been the definition of what a friend is; and Stedman who's been my rock – just to name a few.

 

I want to thank the Hollywood Foreign Press Association[5] because we know the press is under siege these days. We also know it's the insatiable dedication to uncovering the absolute truth that keeps us from turning a blind eye to corruption and to injustice. To -- to tyrants and victims, and secrets and lies. I want to say that I value the press more than ever before as we try to navigate these complicated times, which brings me to this. What I know for sure is that speaking your truth is the most powerful tool we all have. And I'm especially proud and inspired by all the women who have felt strong enough and empowered enough to speak up and share their personal stories. Each of us in this room are celebrated because of the stories that we tell, and this year we became the story.

 

But it's not just a story affecting the entertainment industry. It's one that transcends any culture, geography, race, religion, politics, or workplace. So I want tonight to express gratitude to all the women who have endured years of abuse and assault because they, like my mother, had children to feed and bills to pay and dreams to pursue.

 

They're the women whose names we'll never know. They are domestic workers and farm workers. They are working in factories and they work in restaurants and they're in academia, engineering, medicine, and science. They're part of the world of tech and politics and business. They're our athletes in the Olympics and they're our soldiers in the military.

 

And there's someone else, Recy Taylor[6], a name I know and I think you should know, too. In 1944, Recy Taylor was a young wife and mother walking home from a church service she'd attended in Abbeville, Alabama, when she was abducted by six armed white men, raped, and left blindfolded by the side of the road, coming home from church. They threatened to kill her if she ever told anyone, but her story was reported to the NAACP where a young worker by the name of Rosa Parks[7] became the lead investigator on her case, and together they sought justice. But justice wasn't an option in the era of Jim Crow[8]. The men who tried to destroy her were never prosecuted. Recy Taylor died 10 days ago, just shy of her 98th birthday. She lived, as we all have lived, too many years in a culture broken by brutally powerful men. For too long, women have not been heard or believed if they dare speak the truth to the power of those men. But their time is up. Their time is up. Their time is up[9].

 

And I just hope -- I just hope that Recy Taylor died knowing that her truth, like the truth of so many other women who were tormented in those years, and even now tormented, goes marching on. It was somewhere in Rosa Parks' heart almost 11 years later, when she made the decision to stay seated on that bus in Montgomery, and it's here with every woman who chooses to say, "Me too[10]." And every man -- every man who chooses to listen.

 

In my career, what I've always tried my best to do, whether on television or through film, is to say something about how men and women really behave. To say how we experience shame, how we love and how we rage, how we fail, how we retreat, persevere, and how we overcome. I've interviewed and portrayed people who've withstood some of the ugliest things life can throw at you, but the one quality all of them seem to share is an ability to maintain hope for a brighter morning, even during our darkest nights.

 

So I want all the girls watching here, now, to know that a new day is on the horizon! And when that new day finally dawns, it will be because of a lot of magnificent women, many of whom are right here in this room tonight, and some pretty phenomenal men, fighting hard to make sure that they become the leaders who take us to the time when nobody ever has to say "Me too" again. Thank you.


[1]Sidney Poitier 西德尼·波蒂埃



1958年,他以反种族影片《挣脱锁链》(The Defiant Ones)获得柏林影帝荣誉,之后迅速成为好莱坞头号黑人演员;1964年,再以《原野百合花》(Lilies of the Field)勇夺奥斯卡最佳男主角奖,成为美国影史第一位黑人影帝。


[2]the Cecil B. Demille Award 塞西尔·B. 德米尔奖




该奖以首届获奖者塞西尔·德米尔命名,又称金球奖终身成就奖,是为表彰终身致力于电影事业、为全球娱乐业做出贡献的人士而设立的奖项,1952年起颁发。我们刚刚提到的西德尼·波蒂埃(1982)以及好莱坞老戏骨达斯汀·霍夫曼(Dustin Hoffman,1997)和摩根·弗里曼(Morgan Freeman,2012)等都曾获此殊荣。


[3]A.M. Chicago 《早安芝加哥》



提到奥普拉,就不得不说到这档让她一朝成名的脱口秀《早安芝加哥》1984年,奥普拉担任主持后,凭借一流的口才和睿智的头脑,扭转该节目收视率垫底的颓势,在3个月内将其打造成收视率第一的金牌栏目。1985年,该节目更名为《奥普拉·温弗瑞秀》(The Oprah Winfrey Show),成为全美脱口秀王牌节目。


[4]The Color Purple 《紫色》



1985年,奥普拉客串出演了斯皮尔伯格导演的电影《紫色》(The Color Purple)。故事以茜莉(Celie)的生活为主线,塑造了一系列在种族歧视和性别歧视双重压迫下奋力反抗的黑人女性形象。奥普拉在片中出演命运坎坷的黑人姐妹花之一索菲亚,她凭借此片获得了奥斯卡最佳女配角奖提名。


[5]the Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA) 好莱坞外国记者协会


好莱坞外国记者协会成立于1943年,由专门报道美国电影产业的记者所组成,其记者服务的媒体均在北美以外。1944年,该组织创办金球奖。该奖最终结果由96位记者(其中约三分之二是兼职)投票产生。


[6]Recy Taylor 蕾西·泰勒


这名黑人妇女1944年遭到强奸,直至近98岁去世(2017.12.28)都未能讨回公道。通过泰勒的故事,奥普拉呼吁广大女性要敢于说出事实真相。


[7]Rosa Parks 罗莎·帕克斯



帕克斯被称为“现代民权运动之母”(the mother of the civil rights movement)。1955年12月的一天,42岁的帕克斯在坐公交车时被司机要求给白人让座。(当时的美国法律规定黑人与白人在公车、餐馆等公共场所需分隔,且黑人必须给白人让座。)拒绝了司机的要求后,帕克斯遭到监禁,并被罚款10美元。她的被捕引发了蒙哥马利市长达381天的黑人抵制公交车运动。这场运动的结果是:1956年,美国最高法院裁决禁止公车上“黑白隔离”;1964年,出台民权法案,禁止在公共场所实行种族隔离和种族歧视政策。


[8]the era of Jim Crow 种族隔离时代


Jim Crow原意“黑人”,是美国白人至上主义者对黑人的蔑称。与之相关的一个重要名词是吉姆·克劳法(Jim Crow laws),泛指1876年至1965年间美国南部各州及边境各州对有色人种(主要针对非洲裔美国人)实行种族隔离制度的法律。


[9]time is up 时间到了


▲ 瑞茜 · 威瑟斯彭联系设计师Arianne Phillips设计了“Time's Up”的胸针


在演讲中,奥普拉连续三次高喊their time is up,激动宣告女性不被倾听的日子已经到头了。她的宣言与时下正在进行的“Time's Up”运动紧密呼应。新年伊始,数百名好莱坞女演员、导演、编剧等共同发起一场抵抗职场性骚扰和种族平权的“Time's Up”运动


▲ 本届金球奖红毯秀上,几乎所有明星都以黑色礼服示人,以行动支持“Time's Up”运动。


[10]Me too 我也是



好莱坞女星艾丽莎·米兰诺在社交媒体上发起以“#MeToo”为话题的运动,得到广泛传播,许多人勇敢说出了自己曾经受到侵害的经历。奥普拉在演讲中向所有“勇敢者”致敬。


OPRAH WINFREY

奥普拉·温弗瑞,1954年1月29日生,美国演员,制片,主持人。

控股哈普娱乐集团的股份,个人财富超过10亿美元;主持的电视谈话节目《奥普拉脱口秀》,平均每周吸引3300万名观众,并连续16年排在同类节目的首位;出演斯皮尔伯格的电影《紫色》……

瑞茜·威瑟斯彭(Reese Witherspoon)在介绍她时这样说:


"... there's only one person whose name is a verb, an adjective, and a feeling and that is Oprah. When you say her name, everybody stops and listens..." 

“……这世上只有一个人,她的名字是动词、形容词,以及一种感觉。她就是奥普拉。当你提到她的名字时,每个人都会侧耳倾听……”

【Notes】Jet magazine uses “Oprah” as a verb, with sentences like, “I didn’t want to tell her, but...she Oprah’d it out of me.” 美国Jet杂志把Oprah当动词用,比如:她‘奥普拉’地套出了我的话。 


奥普拉的演讲一向以励志、感人见长,被誉为“教科书式”的发言。这次金球奖演讲后,很多网友呼吁奥普拉参加2020年美国总统竞选。“#奥普拉成为总统”(#Oprahforpresident)和“#奥普拉2020”(#Oprah2020)成为了美国社交网络的热门话题。



怎么样,背景知识学习后,再从头听一遍吧!


(文字摘编自公号“英语环球ChinaPlus”)


▲ 梅丽尔·斯特里普在第74届金球奖颁奖礼上的演讲



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